عنوان مقاله [English]
The Iraq war against Iran took place at one of the most critical historical era in the world, which known as the Cold War and a period of ideological rivalry. During Cold War or era of ideological rivalry, the alignment of countries was generally determined based on their position in the world system, whose the main basis of this was ideology. In such circumstances, ideology was one of the most important factors influencing the actions and behavior of neighboring Iran and Iraq, especially the Arab countries regarding the war. Syria, one of the countries that took an almost clear position on the war, had the most ideological similarities with Iraq and, conversely, the most ideological differences with Iran. Therefore, considering these circumstances, theoretically, Syria should take the side of Iraq, but in practice, it became the most important ally of Iran in this period. Therefore, this study seeks to examine this issue from the perspective of a constructivist approach and show how the ideologies of this country did not become the norm and its political action was formed on the basis of non-ideological structures and not ideological structures?
For this research, information has been collected in the form of libraries and analyzed descriptively-analytically. The results of this study show that although the ideologies of Syria are similar to Iraq at three national, regional and global levels, these ideological commonalities did not create mental ideas between the two countries. On the contrary, since Syria is a security-seeking country, it had the most consciousness commonalities with Iran, and this became the basis of its political action in the face of this war.