عنوان مقاله [English]
The takfiri terrorist group ISIS, a branch of al-Qaeda, is one of the most radical extremist groups in West Asia, which emerged in mid-2013 and quickly gained control of significant parts of Syria and Iraq. . The domination of this "cancerous and deadly mass" finally ended in late 2017 with the liberation of the city of Bokmal in Syria. Following the defeat of ISIS in the Arab lands, Afghanistan became one of the most prone countries for the presence of ISIS fighters. This research tries to answer the basic question with a descriptive-analytical method: what are the main factors influencing the rise of ISIS in Afghanistan and its impact on the national security of the Islamic Republic of Iran?The findings show that "Afghanistan's geopolitical position", "economic context", "ethnic and religious divisions", "structural weakness and central sovereignty", "securing the interests of Saudi Arabia as a supporter of ISIS", "US proxy war against Iran" from The most important factors of ISIL's presence in Afghanistan are "ISIL's opposition to Shiism", "Security threat to Iran's eastern borders", "Development of Saudi influence", "Implementation of the Iraqi-Syrian model in eastern Iran", "Influence of foreign security services in Afghanistan", "Development of poverty and unemployment and its consequences on Iran's economy and security" and "Increased drug trafficking and threat to human security in Iran" are among the most important effects of ISIL's presence in Afghanistan on the national security of the Islamic Republic of Iran.