عنوان مقاله [English]
This article examines and analyzes the Fatah al-Mubin operation using the available documents and books, and discovers and presents the truth of the Fatah al-Mubin operation as much as possible by drawing the line and criteria of the basic principles and rules of war accepted by military experts. Iraqi Army operation in the Chazzabeh Strait on February 6, 1981 with the aim of preventing or delaying the future operation of Iranian and its disruptive operations in western Shush and Reqabiyah on March 19 and 20, 1981 with the aim of disrupting the organization and destroying part of the Iranian forces to delay the operation could not prevent the operation. However, to some extent, it was able to delay the implementation of the operation and inflict casualties and damages on the units of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps.
Iraq, for secure reasons, had discovered almost the entire Fatah al-Mubin operation except in the area of the Quds base (Aynkhosh) and was fully prepared to confront the Islamic fighters.
The central camp of Karbala, with its four joint bases, subordinated, with surprise, provided the heights of Aynkhosh, Tineh, Barqazeh, Reqabiyah and Mishdagh. The Quds base as the main effort in the Eynkhosh axis, the Nasr base in the west axis of the Naderi Bridge, the Fajr base in the Shush axis, and the Fatah base in the Reqabiyah axis had attacted.
This operation achieved all its planned goals and 2400 square kilometers of the most sensitive areas of Khuzestan were liberated by Islamic fighters and more than 25 thousand Iraqi forces were killed and wounded and more than 16 thousand of them were captured by Islamic fighters. The enthusiasm of the youth and the courage in breaking the line by the IRGC and Basij Forces and their maturity and also the facilities of combat support and support of combat services of the army, made the operation of Fatah al-Mubin successful.
The audacity in planning and carrying out operation Fath al-Mubin, regardless of the conventional martial art and the invention of a new method and style in planning and conducting operations, caused the surprises enemy. So, implements of sophisticated night battle tactics, attacks from the unexpected side of the enemy, change and flexibility in planning and implementation of operations according to the necessity of the battle zone, insistence of the forces and commanders on the victory and the proper and timely use of the enemy's weaknesses and vulnerabilities have been the main causes and factors of victory in Fatah al-Mubin operation.