عنوان مقاله [English]
The land of the Islamic Republic of Iran has always been coveted by powerful countries due to its strategic location which has happened in different ways throughout history. Unfortunately, each of this has been associated with the disintegration of a part of Iran and has put shame on the forehead of this nation's history. Although in most of the past wars, the people defended the country wholeheartedly by accompanying of the Ulema (the clergy group) and the issuance of the ruling of jihad, but in the end, a part of the homeland fell into the hands of foreigners. In the latest one to separate Khuzestan province from Islamic Iran, the unique defense of the people of Islamic Iran under the command of Imam Khomeini (as), during the eight years of the imposed war, despite all the problems and hardships, it insured the new-born Islamic Revolution and secured many of Iran's indisputable rights. Also, this resistance, while guaranteeing the independence and territorial integrity of the country, taught the oppressed and oppressed people of the world the lesson of resistance against global arrogance.
This study examines the most important factors in the victory of the Sacred Defense in comparison with the Second Iran-Russia War, and seeks to answer the question: What are the most important factors in the victory of the Sacred Defense in comparison with the Second Iran-Russia War? For this purpose, the present study has been done in a scientific way by using the view point of experts in this field and analyzing the collected resources.
To answer the research question, first the second Iran-Russia war and the sacred defense were examined, then the most important factors of defeat in the Iran-Russia war and victory in the sacred defense were evaluated. In the end, all the factors of victory in the sacred defense were analyzed by Delphi method. Findings show that trust in God instead of relying on superpowers, leadership and command of Imam Khomeini (as) and self-confidence of the Iranian people are the most important factors for victory in the sacred defense. The findings also show that the global arrogance at the present time is terrified to attack against Islamic Republic of Iran because of trusting God, the leadership and command of Imam Khamenei and the self-confidence of Iranian people